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Legislative Representation in a Multilevel System: The Case of Brazil

How well do legislative elites represent voters? Here, we examine voter-elite congruence in the multi-level context of Brazil’s federal system. We extend recent work on congruence by including an unprecedented amount of elite survey data from 12 …

The Distributive Politics of Cabinet Ministers

Studies on distributive politics show that presidents direct more discretionary resources to aligned local governments for electoral gains. In this paper, I argue that ministers have influence to pursue the same strategy, using their ministries’ …